Last sermon of Muhammad.
In the supposed last sermon (Khutba) of
Muhammad, it was
reported in many of the hadith
books including Muslim, Muwatta,
Ibn Majah, Abu Dawud, Ahmed Ibn Hanbal.
There were supposed to be about 100,000 witnesses.
There are a number of differences in the records, though, concerning
one particular statement:
While this might be a little small problem by itself (and we generally
accept that people have faulty memories), in this particular incident,
we are told that there were as many as 100,000 witnesses (that is a
very large number). Yet, the hadith reports were not agreed on this
particular statement, which Shiites and Sunnis have argued over.
This raises a larger problem of the authenticity of the hadiths, and
especially when implementation of laws is concerned, where often, the
number of witnesses is small.
- "I am leaving for you two things that you must uphold, the Quran
and my Sunnah" (Muwatta 46.3).
- "I am leaving for you the Quran and my relatives
(Sahih Muslim 44.4,
Ibn Hanbal 4.366;
Nu 3319), which supports the
Shi`ite claim to leadership.
- "I am leaving for you the Quran; you shall uphold it"
(Sahih Muslim 15.19,
Ibn Majah 25.84,
Sunan Abu Da'ud 11.56,
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