title Son of God is also given in the Gospel (Luke iii. 38), as it is to the angels in the Old
Testament and to believers in the New (1 John iii. 2).
C. Doubtless the meaning of that verse in the Qur'an and the verse in Luke is that Jesus was
like Adam in having no human father. The angels are probably called sons of God in Job i. 6; ii. I,
&c. But neither of Adam nor of the angels are the other things said that are said of Christ.
(Vide Heb. i.) For example, Adam was not sinless, nor is he called "The Word of God" (vide
§§ 117, 118, 119). All the prophets believed in Christ and received life from Him (John xiv. 6).
The difference between them and Him is seen from the whole teaching of the Bible (e. g. John i. 17,
18). Believers become "sons of God" only through union with God's Son (John i.12).
114. M. The Bible certainly does call Jesus the Son of God (John i. 34, &c.), and
teaches His Deity. This is contrary both to reason and to the Qur'an, as is clear from Surahs IX.,
At Taubah, 30; X., Yunus, 69; XXXIX., Az Zumar, 6; II., Al Baqarah, 110; VI., Al An'am, 100, 101;
XIX., Maryam, 36, 91-93; LXXII., Al Jinn, 3; XLIII., Az Zukhruf, 81; CXII., Al Ikhlas, 3; and V., Al
Maidah, 19, 76, 78.
C. Many of these verses (e. g. VI., Al An'am, 100, 101) show that what Muhammad wished to
repudiate was the carnal idea of the generation of a Son, an idea similar to that which the
heathens of Greece and Rome had held before they became Christians,