OBJECTIONS ON THE GROUND OF MUHAMMAD'S
Nothing can be clearer than that here we have a prophecy of his coming.
C. The word
] does not mean "the Praised," as
Muhammad or Ahmad does, nor has it any such signification. It has two meanings: (1) the
Comforter or Sustainer, and (2) the
Advocate (وكيل Wakil). The first of these titles
is clearly inapplicable to Muhammad, and the second is denied to him and to all else but
God Himself in the Qur'an (Surahs XVII., Al Asra' or Banu Israil, 56; IV., An Nisa',
83), since it is said that "God is sufficient as an Advocate." In the New
Testament it is applied only (1) to the Holy Spirit, as in these chapters of St John's
Gospel, and (2) to Christ Himself (here by implication, xiv. 16; also 1 John ii. 1). Thus
the Qur'an (Surah IV., An Nisa', 83), by asserting that God is sufficient as an
Advocate (وكيل), supports the Biblical statement of the deity of the Son and of the Holy Ghost.
Muhammad was doubtless told by some one that he was described and foretold by Christ under
the title of the Paraclete: hence the verse you quote on the subject. But his informant
evidently confounded the word Παρακληρος
with another word Περικλυτος, which latter, if it had been
used, might have been translated "very renowned"—nearly the same meaning
221. M. Doubtless the word used by Christ was ( ), and this has been altered.
C. This latter word, though Greek, does not
DIVINE MISSION AS LAST OF THE PROPHETS
occur at all in the whole of the New Testament. It occurs neither in various
readings nor in the old versions of John xiv-xvi, made long before Muhammad's time. Hence
it is absolutely certain that Christ did not use it here. The Arabic and Persian Baraklit
and Faraqlit could not come
from Περικλυτος. If you read the verses in these chapters
is used, you will see that they do not apply to Muhammad (xiv. 16, 17, 26, xv.
26, xvi. 7-15) or to any other man. For (1) the promised Comforter is a spirit, the
Spirit of Truth, invisible, who was then dwelling with the disciples of Christ, and was to
be in their hearts; (2) He was sent by Christ (xv. 26, xvi. 7); (3) His work was to
convict of sin, the essence of which was disbelief in Christ (xvi. 9); (4) His
teaching was to consist in glorifying Christ, and was not to be His own but what Christ
gave Him (xvi. 14).
222. M. Muhammad was given the Qur'an by the Holy Spirit, the angel Gabriel1.
The Qur'an came to confirm the true Gospel, which was so called because it bore witness to
Muhammad. He did glorify Christ (John xvi. 14), because he taught that Christ was a great
prophet, born of a virgin, and that Christ ascended to heaven without being crucified, and
was not God and did not claim to be. Muhammad does dwell in the hearts of all true Muslims
through their faith in him (John xiv. 17).