1 Besides the authorities mentioned further on, see an interesting story about Abu Dharr, related by Muslim in his Kitabu'l Fadail.

2 History mentions twelve of Muhammad's ‘Companions’ who at first were Hanifs.

3 Sprenger, however, quotes others which he thinks worthy of credence.

4 Siratu'r Rasul, vol. i, pp. 76, 77.

5 Here I omit the genealogies, which are given for many generations back.

6 Referring to the celebrated Hajaru'l Aswad.

7 Or, He used to prostrate himself on the palms of his hands.


9 Imam Abu'l Farah in his Kitabu'l Aghani (pt. 111, p. 15) tells us that Muhammad had met and conversed with Zaid ibn 'Amr before the former received inspiration.

10 Siratu' Rasul, vol. i, p. 79.


12 Vide the preceding note, which is of great importance.

13 Koelle, Mohammed and Mohammedanism, p. 53.

14 Quoted by Sprenger, Life of Muhammad, p. 42.

15 e. g. Surahs III., 89; IV., 124; VI., 162.

16 Arabic scholars will see in what the indirectness consists. Perhaps there is no real reason to say ‘indirectly,’ the language is so nearly direct.

17 Above, p. 269, note 2.

18 Siratu'r Rasul, pp. 63, 76, &c.

19 The total number of those who went to Abyssinia on the occasion of the second migration was 101, of whom 83 were men. (Sir W. Muir's Life of Mahomet, p. 84.)

20 Siratu'r Rasul, vol. i, p. 164, on the authority of 'Urwah and others.

21 That is, the alms prescribed for Muslims to give: i.e. become Muslims.

22 The jizyah-tax, imposed on Jews and Christians.

23 Surah XXXIII., Al Ahzab, 49.