1 "Malay Beliefs, pp. 20-21.

2 "The Soul of a Turk, Victoria do Bunsen, p.242.

3 Our chief authority for the ancient Arabian idolatry is the celebrated Kitab al-Asnam by Ibn al Kalbi. The book itself is lost, but is widely quoted by Jaqut. The best summary on the subject is found in Wellhausen's "Reste Arabisehen Heidentums," and it is fully treated in W. Robertson Smith's ' The Religion of the Semites," New York, 1889.

4 Frazer's "The Scapegoat," pp.21, 22.

5 Nassau's "African Fetichism," p. 91.

6 P. 638, Damiri (English translation by Jayakar).