The "Yihewani" (a Chinese term derived from the Arabic word Ikhwan, meaning "Brotherhood") was a reformist movement, which first arrived in China in the late 19th Century. About 20% of Hui are associated with the Yihewani movement.

Source: "Muslim Chinese: Ethnic Nationalism in the People's Republic," by Dru C. Gladney (Harvard University Press, 1991).

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