In this segment, Dr. Badawi attempts to convince us that there is no such thing as the Trinity. First, he we tell us that the term does not appear in the Bible, which is true. Then he will claim that the Old Testament has no proof of the concept of the triune nature of God (which it actually does), and conclude by attempting to reinterpret the New Testament proof of the Trinity.
Jamal Badawi: Encyclopedia Britannica : Trinity is the doctrine that upholds that God is one in essence, that he is three in person and the three persons are Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
Jamal Badawi: According to Bible scholars, No.
Some scholars make this claim, however, this is not the opinion of many Bible scholars.
In an earlier segment, Dr. Badawi became very upset when Christians attempted to interpret the Qur'an using English vocabulary, yet he commits an even worse logical fallacy by attempting to draw conclusions from modern English (and classical Arabic) concerning the grammatical features of 1200 BC Biblical Hebrew. There is no plural of respect in Biblical Hebrew. This is admitted even by the Jewish rabbis. Maybe it exists in the Qur'an but this is irrelevant for the Hebrew Scriptures.
A very bad argument! The Bible clearly refers to the triune nature of God and not "any number".
I am not entirely sure what Badawi is saying here, however, we need to examine some passages that he gives us to test his knowledge of Hebrew.
Jamal Badawi: The Old Testament is full of references to the oneness of God. Deuteronomy 6:4:
Dr. Badawi, once again, copies the bad arguments of the Jehovah's Witnesses and the Unitarians. There are two words for 'one' in Biblical Hebrew: 'ehad' (which means composite unity, that is one that is made up of parts) and ‘yahidh' (which means unique or the only one of its kind). This verse does not show the numerical unity of God, but actually proves the opposite!
In order to support Dr. Badawi's claims concerning this passage, the Bible must use the term ‘yahidh', however, this passages uses the term ‘ehad' which means plurality. We can also see the term‘ehad' used elsewhere in the Bible in this context:
2 Samuel 2:25 : many soldiers made themselves into 'one group' (ehad)
Genesis 34:16 : the men of Shechem suggest intermarriage with Jacob's children in order to become 'one (ehad) people'.
It is interesting to note that the Hebrew terms for God in this passage is 'elohiym', which are plural!
The idea of another eternal being is contrary to what Isaiah is saying. No God was formed before me or after me according to Isaiah 35:18. These are only examples, there are dozens affirming oneness.
Once again, the plural terms for God 'elohiym' is used in this verse and the "dozens" of others, indicating the plurality of God.
Jamal Badawi: There is no basis for the Trinity, the doctrine evolved over time. I refer to Encyclopedia Britannica : neither the word Trinity appears in the Bible. Encyclopedia of Religion: In the New Testament, we do not find the doctrine of the Trinity. Biblical scholars do not claim that the Trinity is based on the Old or New Testaments. Many make serious attempts to find some evidence in the New Testament but their human interpretation imposes what is there. In matter of belief, it should not be left to human fallibility.
The term Trinity is not in the New Testament. However, it is absolutely false that there is no evidence of the Trinity in the Bible. Badawi is simply repeating false statements in the hope that, after our brains are numb from his repetition, we accept them as truth.
The Bible, both Old and New Testaments, teaches the Triune Nature of God. The one true God, was well established in the Old Testament (Isaiah 43:10 and Deuteronomy 6:4), and is made up of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Each is called "God" in the Bible. The Father is God (Galatians 1:1 and Titus 1:4); the Son (or Word), is repeatedly called God (John 1:1,14, Acts 20:28, John 20:28, Titus 2:13, and Hebrews 1:8); and the Holy Spirit is identified as God in various Scriptures (Acts 5:3-4, 1 John 4:2,3, and Hebrews 10:15,16). The concept of the unity within the Trinity is seen in Matthew 28:19, where the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit comprise one "name" because the term is singular in Greek. We read about the nature of God in the Bible, the account of the baptism of Jesus by John the Baptist clearly reveals the existence of a Triune God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit:
As soon as Jesus was baptized, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and lighting on him. And a voice from heaven said, "This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased."
For the convenience, here is a table showing the Biblical evidence for the Trinity arranged according to function:
Biblical Evidence of the Trinity
|Called God||Phil. 1:2||John 1:1,14; Col. 2:9||Acts 5:3-4|
|Creator||Is. 64:8;44:24||John 1:3; Col. 1:15-17||Job 33:4,26:13|
|Resurrects||1 Thess. 1:10||John 2:19, 10:17||Rom. 8:11|
|Indwells||2 Cor. 6:16||Col. 1:27||John 14:17|
|Everywhere||1 Kings 8:27||Matt. 28:20||Ps. 139:7-10|
|All knowing||1 John 3:20||John 16:30||1 Cor. 2:10-11|
|Sanctifies||1 Thess. 5:23||Heb. 2:11||1 Pet. 1:2|
|Life giver||Gen. 2:7||John 1:3; 5:21||2 Cor. 3:6,8|
|Fellowship||1 John 1:3||1 Cor. 1:9||2 Cor. 13:14|
|Eternal||Ps. 90:2||Micah 5:1-2||Rom. 8:11|
|A Will||Luke 22:42||Luke 22:42||1 Cor. 12:11|
|Speaks||Matt. 3:17||Luke 5:20; 7:48||Acts 8:29; 11:12; 13:2|
|Love||John 3:16||Eph. 5: 25||Rom. 15:30|
|Searches the heart||Jer. 17:10||Rev. 2:23||1 Cor. 2:10|
|We belong to||John 17:9||John 17:6||. . .|
|Savior||1 Tim. 1:1; 2:3; 4:10||2 Tim. 1:10; Titus 1:4; 3:6||. . .|
|We serve||Matt. 4:10||Col. 3:24||. . .|
|Believe in||John 14:1||John 14:1||. . .|
|Gives joy||. . .||John 15:11||Rom. 14:7|
|Judges||John 8:50||John 5:21,30||. . .|
Source: Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry
So much for Dr. Badawi's evidence of the Trinity!
Jamal Badawi: James Hasting says that evidence for the Trinity is inconclusive, not authentic or good.
Everyone is entitled to their opinion, however, if you consider the many verses that I provided, I think that the evidence for the Trinity is conclusive.
Jamal Badawi: Matthew 28:19:
If this is true that Jesus said this, it does not mean that He spoke about a Trinity, nor that these are in one Godhood. He did not add "one God". It is like imploring someone in the name of their country, there are not all the same. Even according to Hastings and other he could not provide any understanding for the concept of the Trinity.
If the three are not a part of the Godhead, why would a person be baptized in the name of all three? Also notice that we are baptized in the ‘name' and not the ‘names' of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit!
Oh well, when we run out of explanations, which reach for the "lingering doubt" of the authenticity of the Bible!
Jamal Badawi: What was 1 John 5:7:
This is something that Christians admit. However, the doctrine of the Trinity was not based on this passage alone. In fact, it was not even mentioned at the Council of Nicea.
Responses to Jamal Badawi's "Radio Al-Islam Channel RA 200"
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