This chapter introduces us to our source materials: the Qur'an, the Hadith, and the "Prophet" Muhammad. There is nothing scientific in this chapter, only theological and metaphysical statements. There are, however, several issues and statements which need to be clarified.
The Qur'an, the last revealed word of God (Allah), is the primary source of every Muslim's faith and practice.
The Qur'an also contains the words of men.
Sura 27.91 :
For me, I have been commanded to serve the Lord of this city, Him Who has sanctified it and to Whom (belong) all things: and I am commanded to be of those who bow in Islam to Allah's Will,-
These words are obviously not coming from God.
He was raised illiterate, unable to read or write, and remained so up until his death.
Not true. Muhammad was [in my opinion] a highly intelligent man who could read as well as write. Bukahri Volume 4, Book 52, Number 288 suggests, at least to me, that Muhammad could read and write:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
Ibn 'Abbas said, "Thursday! What (great thing) took place on Thursday!" Then he started weeping till his tears wetted the gravels of the ground . Then he said, "On Thursday the illness of Allah's Apostle was aggravated and he said, "Fetch me writing materials so that I may have something written to you after which you will never go astray."
At the age of forty, Muhammad (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) received his first revelation from Allah through the Angel Jibreel (Gabriel). The revelations continued for twenty-three years, and they are collectively known as the Qur'an.
However, the Qur'an was not recorded in written form during Muhammad's lifetime!
Hadeeth, being the speech of Muhammad (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) are also considered a second type of revelation, however these statements are not considered the direct wording of Allah.
This statement is, generally true.
After several years, Muhammad (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) and his followers were able to return to Makkah where they forgave their enemies.
Muhammad may have forgiven some of his enemies, however, he was extremely cruel to most of the people who opposed him.
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) was a perfect example of an honest, just, merciful, compassionate, truthful, and brave human being. He was far removed from all evil characteristics and strove solely for the sake of Allah and His reward in the Hereafter.
This statement has nothing to do with the scientific questions concerning the Qur'an. Additionally, your assessment of Muhammad's character is historically inaccurate.
Responses to "It is Truth"
Answering Islam Home Page