by Silas



The Bible, Luke 21:8,9

8 He (Jesus) replied: "Watch out that you are not deceived. For many will come in my name, claiming, ‘I am he,’ and, ‘The time is near.’ Do not follow them.

9 When you hear of wars and revolutions, do not be frightened. These things must happen first, but the end will not come right away."  [1]


The Quran, Sura 49:9,10

9 And if two parties or groups among the believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them both, but if one of them rebels against the other, then fight you (all) against the one that which rebels till it complies with the Command of Allah; then if it complies, then make reconciliation between them justly, and be equitable. Verily! Allah loves those who are equitable.

10  The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy. [2]







         Up to this point we’ve seen the evil seeds of greed, hatred, envy, and discord grow from deep within the hearts of several prominent Muslims.  And that certainly was enough for any Satanic work to build upon.  Up to this point its darkest fruit was the brutal murder of Uthman.  But wait there’s more.  This was only the first fruits of the real spirit of Islam.  More fruit continued to ripen.  The Satanic thirst for blood has just gotten wet; now it demanded to be sated.  Those Satanic seeds of Islam that have been planted in the hearts and minds of so many a Muslim had still yet to reach full bloom and yield ripe fruit, but that time was now approaching fast…..





Galatians 5:19-21

19The acts of the sinful nature are obvious: sexual immorality, impurity and debauchery; 20 idolatry and witchcraft; hatred, discord, jealousy, fits of rage, selfish ambition, dissensions, factions 21 and envy; drunkenness, orgies, and the like. I warn you, as I did before, that those who live like this will not inherit the kingdom of God.


Sahih Bukhari 7.458:

Narrated Abu Bakra:

….."Your blood, properties and honor are as sacred to one another as this day of yours in this town of yours in this month of yours. You will meet your Lord, and He will ask you about your deeds. Beware! Do not go astray after me by cutting the necks of each other. It is incumbent upon those who are present to convey this message to those who are absent, for some of those to whom it is conveyed may comprehend it better than some of those who have heard it directly." [3]…..





ALI — Muhammad’s son in law, married to Muhammad’s daughter Fatima. Ali was a brave and strong Muslim warrior who accomplished some important exploits in battle. Ali had two sons: Hassan and Hussain. Ali was destined to become the forth and final of the “rightly guided Caliphs”.

         During Muhammad’s time, Ali had been one of Aisha’s accusers of adultery. Although she was found innocent she bore a grudge against him ever since.


AISHA — Muhammad’s bride of 9 years old.  She was 18 when he died.   She was Muhammad’s most desired and favored wife — he preferred her company, and her in bed, over all the others.  As a result of Muhammad’s favor, she became his most prominent wife.   Because she was one of Muhammad’s wives, she was known as “the Mother of Believers.”   After Muhammad’s death, she was often sought out for advice and counsel on a variety of Islamic topics.  She is recorded as having narrated thousands of Hadith.  She died when she was around 68.


AL-ZUBAYR —An esteemed Muslim and one of Muhammad’s close friends, and a leader in the Islamic community.


TALHA — Another prominent Muslim, a close friend of Muhammad’s, and a leader in the Islamic community.





         Three separate groups of Muslims (Egyptians, Basrans, Kufans), had marched on Uthman in Medina, with the end result of  Uthman being murdered.  Interestingly, each group supported a different “Companion” who they wanted to be the Caliph.  The Egyptians wanted Ali, the Basrans wanted Talha, and the Kufans wanted Zubayr.   Obviously they were not in agreement with each other.

Following Uthman’s murder, confusion began to spread in the Islamic community, and the search was on for a new leader.  Eventually, in Medina, Ali was recognized as the Caliph.

         Consequently, the previous antagonisms, insults, and discord, amongst the leading Muslims, (Muhammad’s family members and “Companions”), blended with their emotions of hate, bitterness, and vain-glory, to produce a wide array of moves, counter moves, and deceit, that proved ultimately to be more poisonous to the Islamic community than the murder of Uthman.


Note:  there is a great deal of information recorded about this event.  Indeed the Tabari’s History, Volume 16, is dedicated to primarily this event alone.  The quantity of data is such that I cannot reproduce all of the details, differing accounts,  and variations of the event here.





         In Medina, Uthman had been murdered and after a very short period of time, Ali was made Caliph.  As such, the various groups of Muslims began to pledge allegiance to Ali.  But, as they were bringing various Muslims to pledge, suddenly things did not go so smoothly…..


         From the History of Tabari, Volume 16, [4]


         Then they brought Sa’d, and Ali said, “Give allegiance,”  But he replied, “I won’t do so until the people have, but believe me, you’ve nothing to fear from me.”  Ali said, “Let him go.”  Then they brought Ibn Umar, and Ali said, “Give allegiance.”  And he replied, I won’t do so until the people have.”  “Bring me a guarantor,” Ali said to him.  “I don’t see why I should,” replied Ibn Umar.  “Let me cut his head off,” said al-Ashtar, to which Ali replied, “No leave him alone!  I’ll be his guarantor.  I knew it; you are as rude as a man as you were as a child.”  (page 4).



Note:  Ibn Umar was the second Caliph’s - Umar’s son.


         The people gave allegiance to Ali, so he sent for al-Zubayr and Talhah.  He then invited them to give allegiance, but Talhah delayed.  Unsheathing his sword Malik al-Ashtar then said, “By Allah!  You had better give allegiance, or else I will strike you through the forehead.”   “There is no way out of this,” said Talhah and he gave allegiance, followed by al-Zubayr and everyone else…… A little later they explained, “We only did it out of fear for our lives, since we knew that he would never give us allegiance.”  Four months after Uthman’s murder they went down to Mecca.  (page 5).


         Talhah said, “I gave allegiance with a sword over my head.”  …. The people gave allegiance to Ali in Medina, but seven men were cautious and did not give it.  They were Sad Waqqas, Ibn Umar, Suhayb, Zayd Thabit, Muhammad Maslamah, Salamah Waqsh, and Usamah Zayd.  (page 9).



         The point of the quotations above is to show that within the hearts and minds of some of the oldest, most esteemed Muslims, there was doubt about Ali.  Some refrained from giving him allegiance because they disliked him, others because they distrusted him, others gave him allegiance because they were compelled.  Ali’s track record with them caused them to be suspicious and doubt him for various reasons.


         Although Ali had become Caliph, it did not mean that he was home free.  There were systemic problems to deal with.  The marauding bands of Muslims that had worked together to unseat Uthman was still the force in Medina.  They too were like sheep without a shepherd, and they too wanted the unrest to cease, but on their own terms...


         The Egyptians then said, “It’s up to you, people of Medina.  We’ve given you two days and by Allah! if you don’t sort it out, tomorrow we’ll kill Ali, and Talhah, and al-Zubayr and many other beside.”  The people then came to Ali and said, “We give you allegiance, for you see what has happened to Islam and how much we have suffered at the hands of relatives.”  ["relatives" is a reference to Uthman’s nepotism].  (page 13).



         So, Ali became Caliph, and the various Companions and citizens wanted justice done against Uthman’s murderers.  However, those murderers were in power...


         Then when Ali had gone inside his house, Talhah and al-Zubayr along with a number of Companions, came to him in a group and said: “Ali!  We stipulated that Allah’s punishments should be applied.  These people participated in the death of this man have thereby forfeited their lives.”  “My friends,” he replied, “I am not unaware of what you know, but how can I deal with people who rule us, not we them?  Your own slaves have rebelled with them, and your Bedouin have joined them.  They live with you imposing on you what they want.  So can you see a way of achieving any of what you want?”  “No,” they said, “No indeed,” replied Ali.  ... until the people calm down and return to their senses and claims can be settled.  So stop complaining to me and see what will happen to you.  Then return to me.”  (page 18).


         However, not all the Companions agreed with Ali’s approach, and they were divided among themselves.  Those that disagreed with Ali’s plan felt that he was slack in punishing the murderers.  Whatever the situation, Ali was not in any rush to dispose justice for Uthman’s murder.


         As time went on, Ibn Abbas, (the same one who vilified Ali when demanding Muhammad’s inheritance), visited Ali.  Previously, Abbas had foreseen what this would lead to and had counseled Ali to leave town before Uthman was murdered.  Ali had rejected his advice...


         Ibn Abbas said: “What you should have done was to have left when the man was killed or even before that and gone to Mecca, entered your house, and locked the door behind you. Then, if the Arabs should have amassed and become stirred up after your withdrawal, they would only have had you to turn to.  But today there are among the Umayyads [Uthman’s clan], some who approve the search for revenge for Uthman, saying that you had a share in the affair.  They will mislead the people and make demands similar to what the Medinese have made.    (page 21).


         Another player in this play was Muawiyah.  He was fairly aloof through the early stages of this entire event.  His support would have weighed heavily one way or another, but he kept his cards close to his vest, until he felt confident he could make a play and obtain power for himself.  Ibn Abbas makes some foretelling comments to Ali about him as well...


         “Because you know that Muawiyah and his allies are men of the world,” replied Ibn Abbas, “and should you confirm their posts they wouldn’t care who had the overall command.  ... But Ali ignored his advice and said to Ibn Abbas, “Go to Syria!  I’ve appointed you its governor.”  “This isn’t the right decision,” replied Ibn Abbas. “Muawiyah is a man of the Banu Umayyah. He is the son of Uthman’s father’s brother and the governor of Syria. I won’t be safe from his breaking my neck for Uthman. Or else the least he will do is throw me in jail and pass sentence on me.” “Why?” Ali asked him. “Because you and I are related,” he said, “and because everything imputed to you is imputed to me also.” ...(page 22).


         Ali started to panic, realizing that many of the Companions, who disliked him, would hold him directly responsible for Uthman’s murder.  Now he sought to lay blame on others to take the focus off himself.


         “Ali then said, “I’m sure they’ll never refrain from coming out and saying, “We seek repayment for Uthman’s blood.”  By Allah!  We know that they [Talha and al-Zubayr] are the ones who killed Uthman.”  (page 23).


         And Ali instinctively knew that Muawiyah would rebel against him, so, with regards for him, Ali said to Ibn Abbas,


         “By Allah!  no.  I will give him [Muawiyah] nothing but the sword.”  (page 24).


         The stage was slowly being set, all of the key players have been introduced ... save one.  Intrigue continued amongst Ali’s supporters.  Some gave allegiance, some withdrew it.  There were factions within factions.  Meanwhile, the people’s demand for justice grew louder.  Someone had to pay for the terrible crime perpetrated upon Islam’s Caliph.  While he ruled, Uthman was very unpopular, but in death, people screamed for his justice.  These early Muslims were ever so fickle.


         Ali sought to establish his support base knowing that soon he would be fighting a war with Muawiyah.  But many of the people who he needed most rose against him, ostensibly because they wanted justice for Uthman’s murder.  They saw Ali as one who either had a hand in the murder, or, as one who refused to punish the murderers.  Either way, many were now turning against Ali.  Though he still maintained a strong support base it began to weaken because other prominent Muslims spoke against Ali.


         The chess pieces continued to be positioned.  Talha and al-Zubayr were allowed to leave Medina and went their own way.  Instead of maintaining any semblance of loyalty towards Ali, they  gathered their followers and turned against him.  Additionally, Muawiyah sent word to Ali that he was rebelling against his rule.


         At this time however, Ali only knew of Muawiyah’s open rebellion against him, and thus began to gather his forces to attack and dispose of Muawiyah.  Suddenly, bad news was again on his doorstep!...


         As they were thus engaged, news suddenly arrived that the Meccans were going in a completely different direction.  So Ali stood up among them to address them on the subject and said... “Talhah and al-Zubayr and the Mother of the Faithful [Aisha] have certainly joined together in discontent with my rule and have called on the people to set things right… (page 34).


         Things had gone from bad to worse for Ali, and more bad news followed!  Ibn Umar, (Umar’s son), a very popular and respected Muslim had also gone to join Muawiyah!


         But, the topping on the cake was that Aisha, the most beloved and respected female in Islam, had now moved against Ali.  Previously she had left Medina, ostensibly to perform the pilgrimage, but in reality she knew bad things were going to occur in Medina and she did not want to be around when the blood was shed.  Now, out of harms way for bearing any blame, she spoke out against those that perpetrated the murder.  She gave a passionate speech in Mecca, heating the desert blood within the Muslim’s hearts.  She cried for justice and vengeance.  Implicitly, she implicated Ali in Uthman’s murder, and the people knew that fighting for justice would be fighting against Ali.


         Aisha had been no real lover of Uthman.  During Uthman’s reign, she also spoke against him, in fact she was in favor of killing him...


         Umm Kilab said to her [Aisha], ‘How is that?  By Allah!  You were the first to incline the blade against Uthman and were saying “Kill Na’thal, for he had become a disbeliever.” (pages 52, 53). [Na’thal was an insulting nickname for Uthman, it means “hyena”].


         So Aisha, a calculating opportunist, used this opportunity to move against Ali.  She had always carried a grudge against Ali for his allegations of adultery against her early in her marriage with Muhammad.  As a result of Aisha’s provocations, the strong tribal clan of the Umayyads of Mecca rose in her support against Ali.  Talha, Zubayr, and additional clans followed suit.  They realized that they would need more military support if they were to succeed in defeating Ali...


         “Mother of the Faithful, leave Medina alone.  Those with us aren’t sufficient for that mob there [in Medina].  Accompany us to Basrah.  We will arrive at a city now lost to us.  They will produce their allegiance to Ali as an argument against us, but you will mobilize them, just as you did with the Meccans... (page 41).


         “Let’s go to Ali and fight him,” they said.  “We don’t have the strength to fight the people of Medina,” one of them replied.  “Let us rather go and enter Basrah and Kufah.  Talha has a following and popularity in Kufah and Zubayr ahs popularity and support in Basrah.” (page 43).


         Finally, the stage was set, the players took their places on the chessboard of Islamic history.  Ali marched towards Basrah and Aisha and her followers gathered their strength to meet him.  Their armies now numbered in the thousands.





         There are various accounts of how the actual battle came about.  Some detail that Ali, Talha, and Zubayr met and decided to make peace, instead of fighting, but subversive or disobedient elements within the armies started to fight anyway.  Other accounts have them meeting and accusing each other of murdering Uthman and so on.


         In any event, the battle started, and it was fierce.  Neither side yielded much ground. Aisha went through her troops rallying them onward.  Ali’s men fought like lions.  The men on both sides were fierce, brave warriors.  They did not fear death that day.  Eventually, the battle focused on Aisha.  She was mounted in her howdah on her camel, encouraging her troops during the fight.  Ali’s men moved against her, and her men defended her.  Slowly Ali’s men gained ground and killed their opponents.  Eventually, Aisha’s howdah was riddled with arrows, had one penetrated, it could have killed “The Mother of the Faithful.”  Finally, they hamstrung Aisha’s camel; her followers were defeated.  During the course of the battle both Zubayr and Talha were killed.


         The various accounts of the casualty count were very high…


         Those killed at the Battle of the Camel around the camel numbered 10,000, half from Ali’s followers, and half from Aisha’s.  ….  It was said that in the first battle 5000 Basrans were killed and a further 5000 in the second battle [there was a pause during the battle], totaling 10,000 Basran fatalities and 5,000 Kufans.  (page 164).


         Broken and defeated, Aisha yielded to Ali.  He treated her with respect and sent her back to Medina, essentially under house arrest, and made provision for her needs.  Men that mocked her were punished.  Ali forgave her.


         One interesting anecdote came out of this affair.  Ali made Muhammad b. Abi Bakr his governor of Egypt  (ref. pages 184, 187).  Muhammad b. Abi Bakr was one of Uthman’s murderers.  It seems that not all those that committed the murder were punished properly.  Some suspect Ali truly did have a hand in the matter.  Obviously, Uthman’s murder was a pretext for carnal aggression of one Muslim against another.





         Now that the Battle of the Camel was over, more bloodshed lay in store for Ali.  The worst was yet to come...


         Jarir Abdallah then came to Ali and told him what Muawiyah was doing and how the Syrians had agreed with him to fight Ali.  He told him how they were weeping over Uthman and saying that Ali had killed him and was sheltering Uthman’s killers, and how they would not stop until he had killed them or they had killed him.  (page 197).





Sahih Bukhari 5.709

Narrated Abu Bakra:

During the days (of the battle) of Al-Jamal, Allah benefited me with a word I had heard from Allah's Apostle after I had been about to join the Companions of Al-Jamal (i.e. the camel) and fight along with them. When Allah's Apostle was informed that the Persians had crowned the daughter of Khosrau as their ruler, he said, "Such people as ruled by a lady will never be successful."



         Uthman was murdered and various prominent Muslims used that as a pretext for power grabs or personal revenge.  These prominent Muslims, i.e. Islam’s Royal Family, lied to and about each other, denigrated each other, betrayed each other, and finally killed each other.  Ali’s forces proved to be the stronger and Ali was left as the ruler in that region of the Islamic empire.  Two prominent Muslims died, Talha and Zubayr, these were some of the oldest, and most beloved of Muhammad’s Companions.  Like Uthman, they died by the hands of other Muslims.  At least 10,000 and maybe up to 20,000 Muslims died that day, following their vain leaders in supposedly doing Allah’s will.





         It was a small thing for the Muslim leaders to offer these human sacrifices to their lust of power and revenge.  The whole thing was never about Uthman’s murder.  All of these players wanted power, all of them carried grudges for one reason or another.  They made and broke alliances based upon their personal desires and situational ethics, not upon a code of justice or righteousness. 


         Look at the fruit of Islam at this point in time.  Blood was flowing like a river through a dry desert.  The leaders of the Islamic community, Muhammad’s closest friends and family, were the perpetrators of this horror.  Instead of leading, guiding, and strengthening the flock of Muslims under their care, they offered them as human sacrifices on the altars of their egos.  The “Mother of Believers” was killing her children.

         This “Royal Family” broke Muhammad’s commands and murdered each other!  They knew the Quran, they knew Muhammad.  Yet, the lusts deep within their soul, the destructive seeds of real Islam, bore fruit, and thousands died.  The shepherds of the flock were now killing their sheep.


         Don’t you think that somewhere, somehow, these leading Muslims would have realized what they were doing and actually stopped, long before it got out of hand?  If Islam is truly from God, if it has any true spiritual value, shouldn’t these Muslims who knew Muhammad and his Quran best, have done what Muhammad actually taught and obeyed Allah and His Apostle?  Instead, within one generation of Muhammad’s death, his teachings were cast off, his limits broken, and thousands died.  The Satanic appetite for blood, tasting the lives of the many people Muhammad murdered, having a second course on the thousands of non-Muslims killed by the later Islamic jihads, tasted a sweeter blood — that of Uthman.  Now it craved more Islamic blood as well, and it dined heartily at the Battle of the Camel.  It was not finished yet, no not by a long shot.  Islam’s seeds were planted deep within many a heart, and, a greater Satanic feast was soon to follow.






1)       The Bible, New International Version, pub. by Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan

2)       The Nobel Quran,  translated by Dr. Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din Al-Hilali and Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan, published by Maktaba Dar-us-Salam, PO Box 21441, Riyadh 11475, Saudi Arabia, 1994

3)       Bukhari, Muhammad, “Sahih Bukhari”, Kitab Bhavan, New Delhi, India, 1987, translated by M. Khan

4)       al-Tabari, "The History of al-Tabari", (Ta'rikh al-rusul wa'l-muluk), State University of New York Press  1993


Articles by Silas
Answering Islam Home Page