Answering Islam - A Christian-Muslim dialog

The Deity of Christ and the New World Translation Pt. 1

Sam Shamoun

Since Muslim apologists are fond of using the arguments of the Jehovah’s Witnesses to attack the Trinity and Deity of the Lord Jesus Christ I have therefore decided to use the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society’s translation of the Holy Bible in order to show that even their own particular version proves that Jesus Christ is Jehovah God Incarnate (even though he is not the Father or the Holy Spirit). Unless noted otherwise, I will be using the 2013 revision of the New World Translation (*).


1. Who is the unchanging Creator and Sustainer of the entire creation?


You alone are Jehovah; you made the heavens, yes, the heaven of the heavens and all their army, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them. And you preserve all of them alive, and the army of the heavens are bowing down to you.” Nehemiah 9:6

O Jehovah, hear my prayer; Let my cry for help reach you… Long ago you laid the foundations of the earth, And the heavens are the work of your hands. They will perish, but you will remain; Just like a garment they will all wear out. Just like clothing you will replace them, and they will pass away. But you are the same, and your years will never end.” Psalm 102:1, 25-27


“Long ago God spoke to our forefathers by means of the prophets on many occasions and in many ways. Now at the end of these days he has spoken to us by means of a Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom he made the systems of things. He is the reflection of God’s glory and the exact representation of his very being, and he sustains all things by the word of his power. And after he had made a purification for our sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high… And: ‘At the beginning, O Lord [the Son], you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the works of your hands. They will perish, but you will remain; and just like a garment, they will all wear out, and you will wrap them up just as a cloak, as a garment, and they will be changed. But you are the same, and your years will never come to an end.’” Hebrews 1:1-3, 10-12

Amazingly, in the above text the inspired author has taken Psalm 102:25-27, which describes Jehovah as the unchanging Creator and Sustainer, and has applied it to the Son!

“Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today, and forever.” Hebrews 13:8


2. Who is our God?


“Listen, O Israel: Jehovah our God is one Jehovah. You must love Jehovah your God with all your heart and all your soul and all your strength.” Deuteronomy 6:4-5

“Awake and rise to my defense, My God, Jehovah (LXX – my God and my Lord [ho theous mou kai ho kyrios mou]), defend me in my legal case. Judge me according to your righteousness, O Jehovah my God; Do not let them gloat over me.” Psalm 35:23-24

Jehovah is God; He gives us light. Join in the festival procession with branches in hand, Up to the horns of the altar. You are my God, and I will praise you; My God, I will exalt you.” Psalm 118:27-28

“I say to Jehovah: ‘You are my God. Listen, O Jehovah, to my pleas for help.’” Psalm 140:6

The online version of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society’s publication Insight to the Scriptures, Volume 2, confirms that a God-fearing Israelite would only confess Jehovah as his/her own God:

“In its articles on Jehovah, The Imperial Bible-Dictionary nicely illustrates the difference between ʼElo·him (God) and Jehovah. Of the name Jehovah, it says: “It is everywhere a proper name, denoting the personal God and him only; whereas Elohim partakes more of the character of a common noun, denoting usually, indeed, but not necessarily nor uniformly, the Supreme. . . . The Hebrew may say the Elohim, the true God, in opposition to all false gods; but he never says the Jehovah, for Jehovah is the name of the true God only. He says again and again my God . . . ; but never my Jehovah, for when he says my God, he means Jehovah. He speaks of the God of Israel, but never of the Jehovah of Israel, for there is no other Jehovah. He speaks of the living God, but never of the living Jehovah, for he cannot conceive of Jehovah as other than living.”—Edited by P. Fairbairn, London, 1874, Vol. I, p. 856. (SOURCE; bold emphasis mine)


In answer Thomas SAID TO HIM: ‘My Lord and my God! (ho kyrios mou kai ho theos mou)’ Jesus said to him: “Because you have seen me, have you believed? Happy are those who have not seen and yet believe.’” John 20:28-29


3. Who is the Mighty God?


“In that day those remaining of Israel And the survivors of the house of Jacob Will no longer support themselves on the one who struck them; But they will support themselves on Jehovah, The Holy One of Israel, with faithfulness. Only a remnant will return, The remnant of Jacob, to the Mighty God (El Gibbor).” Isaiah 10:20-21


“For a child has been born to us, A son has been given to us; And the rulership will rest on his shoulder. His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God (El Gibbor), Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. To the increase of his rulership And to peace, there will be no end, On the throne of David and on his kingdom In order to establish it firmly and to sustain it Through justice and righteousness, From now on and forever. The zeal of Jehovah of armies will do this.” Isaiah 9:6-7


4. Who alone is the Savior of all the earth? In whose name alone and on whose behalf or sake is a person saved and forgiven?


“ל [LamedFor the sake of your name, O Jehovah, Forgive my error, though it is great.” Psalm 25:11

“O God, save me by your name, And defend me with your power.” Psalm 54:1

“Help us, O God of our salvation, For the sake of your glorious name; Rescue us and forgive our sins for the sake of your name.” Psalm 79:9

“I, I am the One who is blotting out your transgressions for my own sake, And I will not remember your sins.” Isaiah 43:25

“Make your report, present your case. Let them consult together in unity. Who foretold this long ago And declared it from times past? Is it not I, Jehovah? There is no other God but me; A righteous God and a Savior, there is none besides me. Turn to me and be saved, all the ends of the earth, For I am God, and there is no one else. By myself I have sworn; The word has gone out of my mouth in righteousness, And it will not return: To me every knee will bend, Every tongue will swear loyalty.” Isaiah 45:21-23


“He then said to them: ‘These are my words that I spoke to you while I was yet with you, that all the things written about me in the Law of Moses and in the Prophets and Psalms must be fulfilled.’ Then he opened up their minds fully to grasp the meaning of the Scriptures, and he said to them, ‘This is what is written: that the Christ would suffer and rise from among the dead on the third day, and on the basis of his name, repentance for forgiveness of sins would be preached in all the nations—starting out from Jerusalem. You are to be witnesses of these things. And look! I am sending upon you what my Father promised. You, though, stay in the city until you are clothed with power from on high.’” Luke 24:44-49

“The next day their rulers, elders, and scribes gathered together in Jerusalem, along with An′nas the chief priest, Ca′ia·phas John, Alexander, and all who were relatives of the chief priest. They stood Peter and John in their midst and began to question them: ‘By what power or in whose name did you do this?’ Then Peter, filled with holy spirit, said to them: ‘Rulers of the people and elders, if we are being examined today about a good deed to a crippled man, and you want to know who made this man well, let it be known to all of you and to all the people of Israel that in the name of Jesus Christ the Naz·a·rene′, whom you executed on a stake but whom God raised up from the dead, by means of him this man stands here healthy in front of you. This is “the stone that was treated by you builders as of no account that has become the chief cornerstone.” Furthermore, there is no salvation in anyone else, for there is NO OTHER NAME under heaven that has been given among men by which we must get saved.’” Acts 4:5-12

“To him all the prophets bear witness, that everyone putting faith in him receives forgiveness of sins through his name.” Acts 10:43

“For you have been given the privilege in behalf of Christ, not only to put your faith in him but also to suffer in his behalf.” Philippians 1:29

This next passage is quite remarkable:

“For this very reason, God exalted him to a superior position and kindly gave him the name that is above every other name, so that in the name of Jesus every knee should bend—of those in heaven and those on earth and those under the ground—and every tongue should openly acknowledge that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father.” Philippians 2:9-11

Here, the blessed Apostle Paul ascribes to the risen Lord Jesus the very exact worship and allegiance which Jehovah in Isaiah 45:23 swore would be given to him alone. 

This brings me to my next point.


5. Who is the only God that is to be honored and worshiped?


You must not bow down to another god, for Jehovah is known for requiring exclusive devotion. Yes, he is a God who requires exclusive devotion.” Exodus 34:14

Jehovah your God you should fear, and him you should serve, and by his name you should swear. You must not follow after other gods, any gods of the peoples who are all around you, for Jehovah your God who is in your midst is a God who requires exclusive devotion. Otherwise, the anger of Jehovah your God will blaze against you and he will annihilate you from the face of the earth.” Deuteronomy 6:13-15

“To this day they follow their former religions. None of them worship Jehovah, and none follow his statutes, his judgments, the Law, and the commandment that Jehovah gave the sons of Jacob, whose name he changed to Israel. When Jehovah made a covenant with them, he commanded them: ‘You must not fear other gods, and you must not bow down to them or serve them or sacrifice to them. But Jehovah, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt with great power and an outstretched arm, is the One you should fear, and to him you should bow down, and to him you should sacrifice. And the regulations, the judgments, the Law, and the commandment that he wrote for you, you should always follow carefully, and you must not fear other gods. And you must not forget the covenant that I made with you, and you must not fear other gods. But it is Jehovah your God whom you should fear, as he is the one who will rescue you out of the hand of all your enemies.’” 2 Kings 17:35-39

“Then David praised Jehovah before the eyes of all the congregation. David said: ‘May you be praised, O Jehovah the God of Israel our father, throughout all eternity. Yours, O Jehovah, are the greatness and the mightiness and the beauty and the splendor and the majesty, for everything in the heavens and on the earth is yours. Yours is the kingdom, O Jehovah. You are the One exalting yourself as head over all. The riches and the glory are from you, and you rule over everything, and in your hand there are power and mightiness, and your hand is able to make great and to give strength to all. And now, O our God, we thank you and praise your beautiful name. And yet, who am I and who are my people that we should be in a position to make voluntary offerings like this? For everything is from you, and we have given to you what comes from your own hand.’” 1 Chronicles 29:10-14

“Exalt Jehovah our God and bow down at his footstool; He is holy. Moses and Aaron were among his priests, And Samuel was among those calling on his name. They would call to Jehovah, And he would answer them. He would speak to them from the pillar of cloud. They kept his reminders and the decree that he gave to them.” Psalm 99:5-7

“I love Jehovah Because he hears my voice, my pleas for help. For he inclines his ear to me, And I will call on him as long as I live. The ropes of death encircled me; The Grave had me in its grip. I was overcome by distress and grief. But I called on the name of Jehovah: ‘O Jehovah, rescue me!’… I will take up the cup of salvation. And I will call on the name of Jehovah… I will offer to you the sacrifice of thanksgiving; I will call on the name of Jehovah.” Psalm 116:1-4, 13, 17

“But why do you judge your brother? Or why do you also look down on your brother? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of God. For it is written: ‘“As surely as I live,” says Jehovah, “to me every knee will bend, and every tongue will make open acknowledgment to God.”’ So, then, each of us will render an account for himself to God.” Romans 14:10-12

“Now to our God and Father be the glory forever and ever. Amen.” Philippians 4:20

to the only God our Savior through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, might, and authority for all past eternity and now and into all eternity. Amen.” Jude 1:25

“After this I saw, and look! an opened door in heaven, and the first voice that I heard speaking with me was like a trumpet, saying: ‘Come up here, and I will show you the things that must take place.’ After this I immediately came to be in the power of the spirit, and look! a throne was in its position in heaven, and someone was seated on the throne. And the One seated had the appearance of a jasper stone and a sardius stone, and all around the throne was a rainbow like an emerald in appearance. All around the throne were 24 thrones, and on these thrones I saw seated 24 elders dressed in white garments, and on their heads golden crowns. From the throne were coming lightning and voices and thunders; and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, and these mean the seven spirits of God. Before the throne was something resembling a glassy sea, like crystal. In the midst of the throne and around the throne were four living creatures that were full of eyes in front and behind. The first living creature was like a lion, and the second living creature was like a young bull, and the third living creature had a face like a man’s, and the fourth living creature was like a flying eagle. As for the four living creatures, each one of them had six wings; they were full of eyes all around and underneath. And continuously, day and night, they say: ‘Holy, holy, holy is Jehovah* God, the Almighty, who was and who is and who is coming.’ Whenever the living creatures give glory and honor and thanksgiving to the One seated on the throne, the One who lives forever and ever, the 24 elders fall down before the One seated on the throne and worship the One who lives forever and ever, and they cast their crowns before the throne, saying: ‘You are worthy, Jehovah* our God, to receive the glory and the honor and the power, because you created all things, and because of your will they came into existence and were created.’” Revelation 4:1-11

* The word Jehovah does not appear in the Greek NT manuscripts, but has been inserted by the translators.


“And look! Jesus met them and said: ‘Good day!’ They approached and took hold of his feet and did obeisance to him.” Matthew 28:9

“When they came to the other side of the sea into the region of the Ger′a·senes. And immediately after Jesus got out of the boat, a man under the power of an unclean spirit met him from among the tombs. His haunt was among the tombs, and up to that time, absolutely no one was able to bind him securely, even with a chain. He had often been bound with fetters and chains, but he snapped the chains apart and smashed the fetters; and nobody had the strength to subdue him. And continually, night and day, he was crying out in the tombs and in the mountains and slashing himself with stones. But on catching sight of Jesus from a distance, he ran and bowed down to him. Then he cried out with a loud voice: ‘What have I to do with you, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I put you under oath by God not to torment me.’ For Jesus had been saying to it: ‘Come out of the man, you unclean spirit.’ But Jesus asked him: ‘What is your name?’ And he replied: ‘My name is Legion, because there are many of us.’ And he kept pleading with Jesus not to send the spirits out of the country.” Mark 5:1-10

“He rose up from there and went into the region of Tyre and Si′don. There he entered into a house and did not want anyone to know it, but he could not escape notice. Immediately, a woman whose little daughter had an unclean spirit heard about him and came and fell down at his feet. The woman was a Greek, a Sy·ro·phoe·ni′cian by nationality; and she kept asking him to expel the demon from her daughter.” Mark 7:24-26

“For the Father judges no one at all, but he has entrusted all the judging to the Son, so that all may honor the Son JUST AS they honor the Father. Whoever does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him.” John 5:22-23

“Paul, called to be an apostle of Christ Jesus by God’s will, and Sos′the·nes our brother, to the congregation of God that is in Corinth, to you who have been sanctified in union with Christ Jesus, called to be holy ones, together with all those everywhere who are calling on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, their Lord and ours:” 1 Corinthians 1:1-2

“For we must all appear before the judgment seat of the Christ, so that each one may be repaid according to the things he has practiced while in the body, whether good or bad. Therefore, since we know the fear of the Lord, we keep persuading men, but we are well-known to God. However, I hope that we are well-known also to your consciences.” 2 Corinthians 5:10-11

“Speak to one another with psalms, praises to God, and spiritual songs, singing and accompanying yourselves with music in your hearts to Jehovah, always giving thanks to our God and Father for everything in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. Be in subjection to one another in fear of Christ. Let wives be in subjection to their husbands as to the Lord, because a husband is head of his wife just as the Christ is head of the congregation, he being a savior of this body.” Ephesians 5:19-23

“I solemnly charge you before God and Christ Jesus, who is TO JUDGE the living and the dead, and by HIS manifestation and HIS Kingdom… From this time on, there is reserved for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous JUDGE, will give me as a reward in that day, yet not to me only, but also to all those who have loved HIS manifestationThe Lord will rescue me from every wicked work and will save me for HIS heavenly Kingdom. TO HIM be the glory forever and ever. Amen.” 2 Timothy 4:1, 8, 18

“No, but go on growing in the undeserved kindness and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. TO HIM be the glory both now and to the day of eternity. Amen.” 2 Peter 3:18

“And from Jesus Christ, ‘the Faithful Witness,’ ‘the firstborn from the dead,’ and ‘the Ruler of the kings of the earth.’ To him who loves us and who set us free from our sins by means of his own blood—and he made us to be a kingdom, priests to his God and Father—yes, to him be the glory and the might forever. Amen.” Revelation 1:5-6

“When he took the scroll, the four living creatures and the 24 elders fell down before the Lamb, and each one had a harp and golden bowls that were full of incense. (The incense means the prayers of the holy ones.) And they sing a new song, saying: ‘You are worthy to take the scroll and open its seals, for you were slaughtered and with your blood you bought people for God out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation, and you made them to be a kingdom and priests to our God, and they are to rule as kings over the earth.’ And I saw, and I heard a voice of many angels around the throne and the living creatures and the elders, and the number of them was myriads of myriads and thousands of thousands, and they were saying with a loud voice: ‘The Lamb who was slaughtered is worthy to receive the power and riches and wisdom and strength and honor and glory and blessing.’ And I heard EVERY CREATURE in heaven and on earth and underneath the earth and on the sea, and all the things in them, saying: ‘To the One sitting on the throne AND TO THE LAMB be the blessing and the honor and the glory and the might forever and ever.’ The four living creatures were saying: ‘Amen!’ and the elders fell down and worshipped.” Revelation 5:8-14



“As Peter entered, Cornelius met him, fell down at his feet, and did obeisance to him. But Peter lifted him up, saying: ‘Rise; I too am just a man.’” Acts 10:25-26

“Now in Lys′tra there was a man sitting down whose feet were crippled. He was lame from birth and had never walked. This man was listening to Paul as he was speaking. Paul, looking intently at him and seeing that he had faith to be made well, said with a loud voice: ‘Stand up on your feet.’ So the man leaped up and began walking. When the crowds saw what Paul had done, they cried out in the Lyc·a·o′ni·an language: ‘The gods have become like humans and have come down to us!’ And they started calling Bar′na·bas Zeus, but Paul Her′mes, since he was taking the lead in speaking. And the priest of Zeus, whose temple was at the entrance of the city, brought bulls and garlands to the gates and wanted to offer sacrifices with the crowds. However, when the apostles Bar′na·bas and Paul heard of it, they ripped their garments and leaped out into the crowd and cried out: ‘Men, why are you doing these things? We too are humans having the same infirmities as you have. And we are declaring the good news to you, for you to turn from these vain things to the living God, who made the heaven and the earth and the sea and all the things in them.’” Acts 14:8-15

“And he tells me, ‘Write: Happy are those invited to the evening meal of the Lamb’s marriage.’ Also, he tells me: ‘These are the true sayings of God.’ At that I fell down before his feet to worship him. But he tells me: ‘Be careful! Do not do that! I am ONLY A FELLOW SLAVE of you and of your brothers who have the work of witnessing concerning Jesus. Worship God! For the witness concerning Jesus is what inspires prophecy.’” Revelation 19:9-10

“Well I, John, was the one hearing and seeing these things. When I heard and saw them, I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who had been showing me these things. But he tells me: ‘Be careful! Do not do that! I am ONLY A FELLOW SLAVE of you and of your brothers the prophets and of those observing the words of this scroll. Worship God.’” Revelation 22:8-9

We have more examples in the next part of our discussion.